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Publication

The Development of Place-based Profiling for the Korean Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

  • No.67
  • 2021.03.29
  • Hit 4252
  • Park, Yuna Assistant Research Fellow
  • Son, Dongpil Research Fellow
  • Hyeon, Taehwan Assistant Research Fellow

Despite the decrease in the total number of crimes, excluding traffic crimes, the number of home intrusions has been increasing steadily according to the 2018 Korean National Police Agency statistics. Such intrusions may not only lead to thefts but can result in more serious and violent crimes such as robbery. In light of this, CPTED project has been carried out earnestly. However, because the diagnosis criteria of vulnerable areas are too diverse, there are difficulties in using the project in practice. Furthermore, in some cases, the effectiveness of CPTED project is challenged because the crime prevention methods are applied to somewhat unreasonable places other than the actual buildings or spaces that require crime prevention facility installments.

This study establishes a profiling method to diagnose vulnerable areas of home intrusion crimes and derives priorities to consider. The study aims to propose a tool that allows administrators to quickly diagnose vulnerable areas to home intrusion crimes in order to secure the continuity and effectiveness of the crime prevention environment project. Such a place-based profiling study is necessary for ❶ diagnosing the place vulnerability of the environment, from the perspective of potential offenders, and establishing the basis for applying each CPTED factor, ❷ increasing the efficiency of tools that are used to diagnose the possibility of crime in project areas with a limited budget, and ❸ enabling a detailed analysis of crime vulnerability of individual households as well as areas and buildings.

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